Angered to Tears

Many young adults who once frequented church have now lost trust in the God Who redeems.  They no longer believe the Easter story, Christ’s Resurrection. They have found the logic of the modern skeptic more reasonable sounding even after years of attending Sunday School and being raised on this sacred belief. What angers me to tears is that the arguments to discredit the resurrection account have no more validity or evidence going for them than the prefabbed story of Easter bunnies delivering chocolate to children. But because the natural mind cannot fathom the idea of a God Who can do miraculous things, the skeptic’s story, built of the selective details from various ancient authors and held together by dreamt up hypotheses, appears intellectually solid in construction. It is a “house of cards” …and they have our youth believing in it. And I’m tearful and angry!

Our most sacred and cherished faith in our Redeemer God and Savior Jesus Christ is not an offshoot of some ancient myth, even though this sounds sensible to young, impressionable minds. Bart Ehrman, a New Testament scholar and textual critic turned agnostic, blogged

Resurrection was, … part and parcel of ancient Zoroastrian thought [Persian]. …Israel had been for a time subject to the Persian Empire, for about two centuries… from the time Persia defeated the Babylonians …  Therefore it makes best sense, by this logic, to think that Jews got the idea of a future resurrection from the Persians. Hey, they had to get it from somewhere, right?⁠1

“They had to get it from somewhere.” He got that right!   But the Persians didn’t imagine the idea of bodily resurrection of a Savior who had been crucified.  That idea is provably from GOD! I use the same reasoning: “They [the apostles] had to get it from somewhere.” And it didn’t come through the evolutionary process.  There is no connection between what happened on Calvary followed by Christ’s resurrection and any religious meme!

Yes, ancient religions maintained that a war between good and evil was afoot. And scholarship correctly finds similarities between myth and christian teaching.  But the trick is to get the unwary religious traveler to presuppose that an idea, like the vicarious atonement, came through ancient religious thought even though mythology did not have an inkling of this blessed truth.

 Payam Nabarz, a Persian-born Sufi and practicing Dervish, concluded,

The Zoroastrian dualistic idea of Good versus Evil was inherited by Judaism and then Christianity; indeed, it is possible to trace the axis of evil-versus-good theology and mentality from Zoroaster to all the current monotheistic world religions.⁠2  

Mentality!?”  Some theology is similar but how dare you confuse my faith in a Savior with a paganism that never came close to understanding even the possibility of such a salvation. The conflict of the ages between good and evil was fought and won by our Savior on that cross! [an idea that is only developed in Scripture.]

Franz Cumont,⁠3  an insightful scholar of the ancient Persian religions, shows—and we concede the point—that Persian influence was everywhere in evidence in Roman religious thought:

Mithraism in the West was Romanized Mazdaism, thus still at its core a Persian religion….⁠4

 Payam Nabarz  tells the same, that ancient Persian religious thought and myth made its way up through time in a kind of religious evolution into the Christian era. [Incidentally, the idea of religious evolution is unprovable but sounds reasonable if you believe in the biological version.]

“Mithra is an ancient Indo-Iranian god who was worshipped in polytheistic Persia at least as early as the second millennium B.C.E., … The myths of this ancient god contain elements that link him with the mythologies of all the Indo-European peoples.”⁠5

And we must admit if we are intellectually honest that Persian mythology tainted much of the religious thinking during the early days of Christianity. [This footnote tells the story]

But here’s where we look closer!  Cumont concluded, though,

“We cannot presume to unravel today a question which divided contemporaries and which shall doubtless forever remain insoluble. We are too imperfectly acquainted with the dogmas and liturgies of Roman Mazdaism, as well as with the development of primitive Christianity, to say definitely what mutual influences were operative in their simultaneous evolution. But be this as it may, resemblances do not necessarily suppose an imitation.7


What Mazdaism (the Roman version of the Persian religions) did not have—and for the matter no dogma or religion outside christianity had—was the Cross of a Redeemer, a vicarious atonement. As Dr. Gregory Boyd, a professor at Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota, wrote:

“There is no other belief which does this… Only the Gospel dares to proclaim that God enters smack-dab into the middle of the hell we created. Only the Gospel dares to proclaim that God was born a baby in a bloody, crap-filled stable, that He lived a life befriending the prostitutes and lepers no one else would befriend, and that He suffered firsthand, the hellish depth of all that is nightmarish in human existence.”8

In the words of Franz Cumont:

“It was a strong source of inferiority for Mazdaism that it believed in only a mythical redeemer. That unfailing wellspring of religious emotion supplied by the teachings and the passion of the God sacrificed on the cross, never flowed for the disciples of Mithra.”⁠9

“…the God sacrificed on the cross, never flowed for the disciples of Mithra [Ancient Perisan religions].” In Zoroastrianism, an offshoot of Mithraism or Mazdaism, salvation was linked to the sacrifice of a bull!

A savior figure, Sošyant, will sacrifice a bull from whose fat, mixed with hôm, the drink of corporal immortality will be prepared.⁠10

As we know through Paul’s writings, the Resurrection of Christ is an essential part of the divine plan of salvation.

But if it is preached that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith. –  I Corinthians 15:12-14

Beyond the academic inquiry into our Savior’s death and resurrection, one cannot give their life to Christ and say, in all clear conscience, nothing happened.

Jesus, we maintain, was totally God and totally man. [Philippians 2:6-8] The profound thought here: if Jesus is God, then when Jesus died, God died for the sins of all mankind. [I John 2:2] And if Jesus is totally man, then when He was raised again from the dead, man was resurrected. [I Corinthians 15:20]

  Lord, open eyes to see truth!!!

2 Payam Nabarz. The Mysteries of Mithras: The Pagan Belief That Shaped the Christian World (Rochester,VT: Inner Traditions/Bear & Company. 2005), (Kindle Locations 214-216).
3 Franz-Valéry-Marie Cumont a Belgian archaeologist and historian, a philologist and student of epigraphy, who brought these often isolated specialties to bear on the syncretic mystery religions of Late Antiquity, notably Mithraism.
Payam Nabarz. The Mysteries of Mithras: The Pagan Belief That Shaped the Christian World (Rochester,VT: Inner Traditions/Bear & Company. 2005), (Kindle Locations 185-193).  “…the Vedic Mitra (Indian) and the Iranian Mithra (Perisan) have preserved so many traits of resemblance that it is impossible to entertain any doubt concerning their common origin.  Both religions saw in him a god of light, invoked together with Heaven, bearing in the one case the name of Varuna (Hinduism) and in the other that of Ahura (Perisan Mithraism); in ethics he was recognized as the protector of truth, the antagonist of falsehood and error.” –  Franz Cumont . THE MYSTERIES OF MITHRA  p 2.  Kindle Edition.
6Later on we see that the Christians adopted the twenty-fifth of December as Christ’s birthday, in the fourth century of the Common Era, according to Sir James G. Frazer. In The Golden Bough, he writes of . . . the festival of Christmas, which the church seems to have borrowed directly from its heathen rival. — Ibid. Kindle Locations 947-950).
The rites which they practiced offered numerous analogies.The sectaries of the Persian god, like the Christians:
  • purified themselves by baptism; 
  • received, by a species of confirmation, the power necessary to combat the spirits of evil; and 
  • expected from a Lord’s Supper salvation of body and soul. Like the latter, 
  • they also held Sunday sacred, and
  • celebrated the birth of the Sun on the 25th of December, the same day on which Christmas has been celebrated, since the fourth century at least. 
  • They both preached a categorical system of ethics, 
  • regarded asceticism as meritorious, and
  • counted among their principal virtues abstinence and continence, renunciation and self-control. 
  • Their conceptions of the world and of the destiny of man were similar. 
  • They both admitted the existence of a Heaven inhabited by beatified ones, situate in the upper regions, and 
  • of a Hell peopled by demons, situate in the bowels of the earth. 
  • They both placed a Flood at the beginning of history; 
  • they both assigned as the source of their traditions a primitive revelation; 
  • they both, finally, believed in the immortality of the soul, in a last judgment, and in a resurrection of the dead, consequent upon a final conflagration of the universe.
We have seen that the theology of the Mysteries made of Mithra a “mediator” equivalent to the Alexandrian Logos. Like him, Christ also was a μεσίτης, an intermediary between his celestial father and men — Franz Cumont (2011-07-12). THE MYSTERIES OF MITHRA. Pp. 191ff.
Cumont noted [THE MYSTERIES OF MITHRA p. 195f.]
Boyd, Gregory A. Letters From A Skeptic (Colorado Springs, CO: Cook Communication Ministries, 2004), 151.
Franz Cumont. THE MYSTERIES OF MITHRA. p. 196. Kindle Edition.
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Envisioning The Eternal

Eternity in the biblical world was the idea of “duration.” Scholarship tells us that in the Old Testament there are ten different terms marking duration.⁠1   Some concepts are admittedly difficult to discuss intelligently.  Discussing Eternity, we are like someone who has never left the house discussing what it’s like to be in a busy market place.  We are naturalists and people of this earth talking about heaven.  Paul said it right:

And I know that this man—whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, but God knows—was caught up to paradise and heard inexpressible things, things that no one is permitted to tell.⁠2 

And again He affirms that there is a spiritual dimension, another world, which we often reference as believers and which our faith is invested in, that the natural mind—something we all have—is unable to explain.  The two realms are mutually exclusive worlds.⁠3 

“There is no solution of the problem, however” writes Bowman,⁠4 “but only a dismissal of the problem of infinity;⁠5 according to [Immanuel] Kant⁠6 all experience is finite, and so infinity does not belong within the range of our experience.

Max Mueller, a British philologist, wrote,⁠7 

“The infinite is hidden from the senses, …denied by Reason, but … perceived by Faith.”

Faith, for the believer in Christ, introduces them to this spiritual world.  Faith is not just a belief but an awareness,  a real introduction into our first acquaintance in this life with heavenly things. We have a keen awareness of a reality beyond the physical or natural but just as real [2 Corinthians 5:5; Colossians 3:1-3].  Faith is trusting Jesus to return for us after He has finished preparing eternity to receive us [John 14:1] and us to accept eternity [Revelation 21:2].

For me: while praying,  God is not the One Who holds the universe in place, nor is He even the One Who will someday destroy it.  This makes Him appear too huge, too awesome and glorious, and far beyond my ability to comprehend Who He really is.  When I talk to Him I commune with a friend.  I am mindful of the Jesus who clothed in human form humbly strolled the lanes of human traffic and felt everything I feel—the God Who can say to me, “I understand because I have been there, too.” Eternal beings—though I, too am one—move outside this realm of suffering I find myself in and, although, I fully know and appreciate the fact that God, the eternal Father, does, indeed know and care, I somehow through the work of Christ Jesus, bring Him, academically speaking, closer, to my level, and walk with Him in peace.

1 Girdlestone, Robert B. Synonyms of the Old Testament: Their Bearing on Christian Doctrine. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1974. p 312f
2 2 Corinthians 12:3-4
3 1 Corinthians 2:14 The person without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God but considers them foolishness, and cannot understand them because they are discerned only through the Spirit.
4 Boman, Thorleif. Hebrew Thought Compared with Greek. New York:W. W. Norton & Company, 1960. p. 160
5 infinite space is the universe; infinite time is eternity.
6 cp. Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, pp. 299f.
7 ibid. p 448.Max Mueller says very well.

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Forever and ever

A recent conversation with a friend who conducts a weekly bible study gave me an idea for my blog: I can take an aspect of his weekly curriculum and present it here.  Next week’s study will be about “eternity” which sounds, from a grammatical point of view, simplistically uninteresting but which takes on a completely different appeal when we realize that there is no biblical word for it, “eternity.”

If you look for it in a concordance, search for “for ever.”  In the Old Testament, one term refers to the passing of time, the duration of time, and thus, says the dictionary, “perpetuity of time,” or in our lingo: eternity.

The fear of the LORD is pure, enduring forever. Psalms 19:9

The dictionary then references another word we interpret as eternity in the Old Testament.  It is defined as “hidden time, [a] long [time], the beginning or end of which is uncertain or else not defined.”  There is one word used to define both Old Testament terms: perpetuity.  Thus the ancients used both words in one phrase:

The LORD is King for ever [1st word] and ever [2nd word] Psalms 10:16

What they are actually saying is, “throughout time…” One scholar reminds us:

Hebrew equivalents for eternity are temporal to the extent that they do not signify things beyond [time or eternity] but things pertaining to this life. Because our idea of eternity is religiously colored, it is advisable to avoid this term when we want to translate Hebrew equivalents into our language and to translate them by means of the notion of “boundless time.” — Hebrew Thought Compared with Greek Thorleif Bowman p. 151

This is why the word “forever” makes perfect sense to the ancients when a slave’s devotion to his master was “perpetual …forever” or throughout his lifetime.  The NIV tidies this up for us by translating it “for life.” which is NOT what the Bible said but is what the Bible meant:

Then his master must take him before the judges. He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life [Hebrew: forever]. Exodus 21:6 NIV

In the Old Testament using this word to describe a servant’s faithful lifespan makes perfect sense.  Does this mean that when the angel “swore by Him  [God] who lives forever…” in Daniel 12:7 that God is not eternal!?

I heard him swear by him who lives forever ….  Daniel 12:7

Of course not!  In every sense possible God is eternal, forever and ever… It just has to be said within the limitation of a language (Old Testament Hebrew) that, in all honesty, does not have our word “eternal.”  So David explains it this way [and you can read “eternal” into his thought]

Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting [time immemorial] to everlasting [time in perpetuity] you are God. Psalm 91:2 NIV

The grass withers and the flowers fall, but the word of our God endures [is established] forever. [God’s Word is not transitory] Isa 40:8 NIV

(God’s Word is NOT true now or then, but consistently and always true and applicable to the conduct of a holy life as long as time endures … and beyond.) Bowman notes the “The Hebrews simply think of the matter in an entirely different way.” [Page 154] And it is this difference we hope to show shortly.

The New Testament word for forever is our word eon, “age”  Jude said it right:

To the only God our Savior be glory, majesty, power and authority, through Jesus Christ our Lord, before all ages, now and forevermore! [into all ages] Amen. Jude 25 NIV

This is what one scholar refers to as the “boundless Beyond,” from the ages to the ages to come, i.e. forever and ever. [Ephesians 2:7]  But this is still “the aggregate of things contained in time.” [Thayer’s Dictionary]

The New Testament sees two ages: the present [Galatians 1:4] and the one to come [Ephesians 2:7].

The ages to come” becomes a metaphor for eternity, even though—think about it—we are using a term, “age,” that is bounded.  In other words, it has a beginning and an end date.  It makes good Greek but lousy Bible.

“Truly I tell you,” Jesus said to them, “no one who has left home or wife or brothers or sisters or parents or children for the sake of the kingdom of God will fail to receive many times as much in this age, and in the age to come eternal life [ageless life]” Luke 18:29-30

The Greek language is not only tied to “time” – a time period, but it envisions a PERIOD of time.  As such the word often in the New Testament refers to this world (38 times in the King James) and is compared to the present time. Look at another translation of Luke 18:30

…who shall not receive manifold more in this time, and in the world to come eternal life. ASV

This  age to come is the same as the world to come [Mark 10:30].

The simple truth is that we have no word for the time to come. Bowman concluded, “The glory of this world is nothing compared to the glory of eternity.” [Page 155]

… as it is written: “What no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, and what no human mind has conceived”— the things God has prepared for those who love him – 1 Corinthians 2:9 NIV

Think about it: Our Bible was not written to describe heaven to us.  The Bible was written to equip us for our spiritual sojourn through this life to live victoriously over sin and follow Christ. [2 Peter 1:3].

When we talk of happiness, we think of heaven, but that was not Jesus’ emphasis.  His was the sermon on the mount and the “Beatitudes” which is the way to happiness in this life – in this world or age.

Look at the timeline of Scripture. We begin to read in Genesis 1:1 “In the beginning … (of time). God begins by creating time.  The Bible ends in Revelation 22:5 with the removal of the sun and moon God created in Genesis 1.  This marks the end of time and the beginning of …eternity.  The text in between is this life …as it should be …as it must be!

When it comes to the life to come? Jesus reassuringly consoled,

“Do not let your hearts be distressed. You believe in God;  trust me….” John 14:1

How can we be sure that what is eternal is really eternal?

There is another word used only 3 times in our New Testament that makes all this plain.  Time is only useful as a measurement while death reigns, because time measures decay, entropy, the running down and dying of all things.  So we look for a non-death or in our language: immortality.

Is God eternal then? You answer this:

God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords,who alone is immortal and who lives in unapproachable light, whom no one has seen or can see. To him be honor and might forever. Amen. I Timothy 6:14-15

And what about us?  Is not this the glorification of the body?

…those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified. Romans 8:30

For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.” I Corinthians 15:53-54

In our Old Testament the prophet prclaims, “He will swallow up death forever.” [Isaiah 25:8 ]   We don’t need the work “forever” since when death is no more we have entered eternity.

But my favorite verse is something Jesus promised:

Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live, even though they die; and whoever lives by believing in me will never die.” John 11:25-26


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Heaven’s Happiness

There are many pictures of [Heaven] which imaginative church leadership might describe in sermon and song—some of these are even supported by scripture. …streets of gold [Revelation 21:21], mansions [John 14:1], a palatial and lavish table spread as a marriage feast [Revelation 19:9] for innumerable guests all wearing white [Revelation 6:11] and drinking a divine vintage [Mark 14:25]. And no one sees a time piece anywhere, neither is there any concern about time since there is no setting sun [Revelation 22:5]—the most definitive sign that we have entered eternity. A crowd gathers, an excited assembly, a worship service, a saintly choir with an angelic accompaniment [Revelation 5:9; 7:9]. In perfect unity they raise one voice to sing a new song. Perhaps, after the meal?

But these acts describe the appearance of things, a glorified body in the tireless ebullience of an eternal youthfulness, but do not envision what changes might be occasioned in the heart that might make this all possible.

We shall know then [I John 3:2] more completely the unity that the Trinity shares [John 17:22].   We have enjoyed here but a taste of the “love” that defines God Himself [I John 4:8] that will define our relationships then. Sorrow, grief, and fear will then no longer challenge  our happiness [Revelation 21:4]. 

In this life our happiness is tied to living within the wisdom of Jesus’ sermon on the mount. Here is profound insight into our current reality that will be exchanged for that heavenly reality.  Our worldview which explains suffering will be laid aside for a heaven-view without suffering. The beatitudes [Matthew 5:3-12] encapsulate sources of happiness now which will be exchanged then for an eternal joy:

  1. Now, our happiness is tied to our relinquishing everything we have and are for His service, which Jesus goes on to explain, includes a few tears.  We will then exchange this all for a tear-free inheritance in the Kingdom of God  [Matthew 5:3].
  2. Now we mourn as an expression of a deeply meaningful prayer life—essential to our happiness here, which we will exchange then for an eternal comfort [Matthew 5:4].
  3. Now our happiness is tied to a passionate desire to sacrifice all to follow Him.  We will someday inherit all things that now we have surrendered in His name [Matthew 5:5].
  4. Now nothing gives us more joy than by faith to know Him and share in His calling [Philippians 3:10]. Then we shall know the happiness of being forever with Him [Matthew 5:6].
  5. Now, our happiness is tied to giving, not receiving, but then we will be the beneficiaries [Matthew 5:7].
  6. Now we eschew evil. We joyfully stand tall in the winds of trials that blow [Ephesians 6:14], but then, our lives will be defined by a happiness free from trials [Matthew 5:8].
  7. Now we seek peace and reconciliation and forgiveness, the forerunners of all happiness here.   But then, we  shall share in the peaceful unity of God’s family [Matthew 5:9].
  8. We rejoice now to share in His sufferings [Philippians 3:10] in our world.  Then our happiness will be complete when we are welcomed into His [Matthew 5:10-12].

“Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.” Matthew 25:21

Our happiness now, in short, is tied to this world’s experience, to a worldview that makes sense to us in terms of the joy of our salvation, that includes the trials and sufferings of this life. We have learned to sing in prison [Acts 16:25]. Our happiness then will be tied not to a worldview that must include all things that oppose our serving God.  Our happiness then will  be a worship experience unleashed, unhindered, unchallenged.  [Psalms 115:18].

Oh! The discourse of men can’t explain this!
What assurance of infinite grace!
Words tied to this life can’t make plain this
Gloriously incomprehensible place!

We use our words in picturesque ways to dream of such happiness with only glimpses of this heaven in those few moments when love seems purest, joy near overwhelming, or those moments during worship when our unity is characterized by an unconditional acceptance of each other that is blind to race, ethnicity, gender, class [Galatians 3:28], for that matter, any condition real or imagined that might separate us.

Our worship of God is the key to our happiness.  We get but a glimpse here of what will be a way of life there.  Our worshipping God is a complete expression of who we are. Worshipping God is the ultimate expression of our unity in which each believer finds self-expression and complete self-fulfillment. Acting in God’s interests serves our own. Heaven becomes the place where our interest is to serve Him.

Our relationship with God in His world is more than symbiotic. We do not do for God so He will do for us.  Worship then will be as natural and as “us” as breathing is now. It might be best explained in 7 words:

Acting in God’s interests serves our own.

Our happiness feeds off worshipping God. In heaven love will be mutual, shared—no longer misunderstood, no longer expressed with faulty or clumsy miscues, no longer unrequited.  Zephaniah was given a glimpse of our coming happiness….

Zephaniah 3:13; 19-20

No violence rages in their eyes
And no deceit upon their tongue
No more guile and no more lies.
A song of praise and worship sung.
Like precious lambs in pastures graze
Which lie contented all their days
No longer will they be dismayed
In safety they are unafraid.

His word fulfilled for all who roam
To gather them and bring them home.

All peoples, let us praise our Lord
For freedom now has been restored.

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The Cornerstone of Our Hope

We should always have our thoughts tuned to heavenly things [Colossians 3:2]: …most of all meeting Jesus.

My Father’s house has many rooms; if that were not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for you? John 14:2 NIV

I am reminded of Jesus’ encouraging words in John 14.

He actually began this discourse with His disciples—and us by extension—in the previous chapter talking to Peter about “following” Him. They would not be able to follow immediately, but would inevitably.  In ways they have yet to appreciate, the disciples will follow in the Savior’s footsteps.

Simon Peter asked him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus replied, “Where I am going, you cannot follow now, but you will follow later.” John 13:36

Chapter 14 begins with this: You trust God? Trust me! And then Jesus shared with them—what I suspect was not in their theological forethoughts but— what became for all believers the single truth upon which all our hope rests. Jesus is leaving—yes—but for a very good reason: He is preparing our heavenly home for us and will be back to get us when the time is right. This truth is the cornerstone of our hope. [Titus 2:13]

There is an apartment… for all the king’s sons

Jesus points out to them that the house of the Father, to which He returns, is wide enough to receive them all and many others with them. The image is derived from those immense oriental palaces in which there is an apartment, not only for the sovereign and for the heir to the throne, but for all the king’s sons, however numerous they may be. –Godet

What He said next could have been a question:

if that were not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for you? [NIV]

Truth is the Foundation of Trust

He did not say, “if it were not true I would not have told you so.” 

He didn’t use the double “not.” The logic behind this would be “Whatever I tell you is true.” But this is a defensive posture as if Jesus needed to defend His truthfulness. But I don’t see Jesus needing to prove His truthfulness .. He had no need to state something that after 3 years with them was obvious.  He had never lied to them but told it straight; so, He already earned the right to begin His remarks with “Trust Me!” He doesn’t need to defend His relationship with them.  They have learned enough to know by now Who He was and that He was trustworthy [John 6:68].

(There is always a Thomas who doesn’t quite understand what Jesus is saying and the Savior has to reassure him. Trust is based on Truth.  You cannot have the former without the later.  But Jesus does not only speak the truth.  He embodies it!  “I am the Truth” – John 14:6.)

Jesus never did say things to His disciples simply because it was something they wanted to hear. He was always brutally honest. Jesus didn’t filter truth into half truth with the less desirable details omitted.  It was a season of deep grief that is soon to darken the sky of the disciples’ incomplete understanding. Speaking comfort to them is an understandable approach but never at the expense of preparing them for spiritual battle  (Remember the beatitudes.) Jesus encouraging instruction to “trust Him” was as sufficient as it was wise to inspire hope. 

Jesus is speaking hope because He is speaking truth, living truth we can anticipate with all the assurance that our faith confirms.  [John 8:32].  Truth requires this discussion!! He wasn’t going to filter out the sufferings that come with discipleship. [Revelation 2:10]  He wasn’t selling them a faithfulness that thought life was going to be all praise services. Jesus wasn’t selling them a hope that hides out from the sufferings awaiting Him.  They needed to know what they needed to know to carry their own cross in following Him.

So what did He say, exactly?  Scholars provide a variety of explanations.  When Jesus told them “I go to prepare a place for you.” some add “because in my Father’s house are many rooms.”  It suggests that Jesus is clarifying:  I am preparing your room for you in my Father’s mansion. There are many rooms in my Father’s house. Trust me when I say that there is room for each of you and every believer!

But the best rendering is the simplest

My Father’s house has many rooms; if that were not so, I would have told you.

That is, according to scholarship, to say: “If I were leaving you for good and you will never see me again, I would not have waited until this last moment to declare it to you!”  …and I agree.

If we understand Jesus to be asking a question, as in the NIV translation, He would be saying:  “You know me! If my leaving to prepare for your welcome were NOT true, do you think I would hide that from you?!?!”  As another scholar concludes, “the sum of the argument [Jesus is saying]: I will not deceive you….”

Jesus’ trustworthiness and truthfulness were never in question.  Jesus was sharing with His disciples a divine perspective on the events of the coming days.  If His departure to prepare our accommodations to be with Him were not true, Jesus would have told us that!  He wasn’t trying to paint a hopeful picture built on a false perception.  He was revealing an exciting truth with them that the Father felt they were ready to hear and that they—and we—needed to hear!  

Of course it brought hope.  When God speaks, His words always do.

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True Comfort

I began reading Isaiah 40 devotionally looking through the Hebrew text and found it too rich with meaning to slice off more than 8 verses before stopping to record this meditation. 

Scholarship remarks:

So far as the language is concerned, there is nothing more finished or more elevated in the whole of the Old Testament. … He [Isaiah] no longer has his foot upon the soil of his own time, but is transported… even the language retains an ideal and, so to speak, ethereal character. … It commences with a prophecy, which gave to John the Baptist the great theme of his preaching. It closes with … the creation of a new heaven and new earth, beyond which even the last page of the New Testament cannot go. And in the center the suffering and exaltation of Christ are proclaimed as clearly, as if the prophet had stood beneath the cross itself, and had seen the risen Savior. … Throughout the whole we never meet with a strictly messianic prophecy; and yet … [Isaiah’s words] have more Christological depth than all the messianic prophecies taken together. [“Commentary on the Old Testament In 10 Volumes,” C. F. Keil & F. Delitzsch, vol 7] p. 129-130.

Translations [unless otherwise specified, I use the NIV here.] are challenged trying to translate the text; so that, we might fail to appreciate the theological thought that gave this book its designation as the “fifth gospel.”

There are phrases written multiple times for an emphasis that should give us pause to reflect often on its meaning.  By the Holy Spirit’s direction, we need to capture at least some of the passion of God, some sense of His burden for His people!  Isaiah begins here:

  • Verse 1 “Comfort …comfort..” The word “comfort” could also be translated “pity” but no version of the text uses “pity” not even the Greek! So we will go with “comfort.” Spoken twice this thought carries a sense of urgency, a sense of burden, a sense of intense desire. We are to find hope and comfort in the following verses.
  • Verse 2: “that her sin [Israel’s ..AND OURS, too] has been paid for…” “Paid for” [Leviticus 26:41, 43]. The word speaks of finding pleasure, being pleased, finding acceptable the level of punishment for sin. Isaiah calls it twice meted out.”
    • What pleases Him here? Is it not the fact that through the provision of Calvary there will come an end to their unfaithfulness and misery in sin?
    • The Lord is saying that Israel’s punishment will amount inevitably to a double payment for her sins: once because of the misery inflicted on her for her unfaithfulness to God (in captivity) and then with the Savior’s death. (It is reasonable to imagine that God has nothing else on His great mind and heart but the plan of the ages to redeem Israel and us.
    • We are drawn to Isaiah 53:6, 10. When Christ will have taken upon Himself the punishment for sin, there will remain, then, no more condemnation for those who are in Him [Romans 8:1]
    • God takes no pleasure in the punishment for sin, He takes pleasure in mercy. It is time to be comforted.
  • Verse 6, 7, & 8 Isaiah then relegates all man’s greatest moments to the ash heap of a forgotten history. Declaring our God the One and alone, the glorious redeemer, a voice cries out, “grass withers… [its] flower fades…. ….All people are like grass … Surely the people are grass” The word flower comes from a word meaning “to shine.” How men shine in their own imaginations …but these achievements in the light of the Cross are dying embers of a temporary greatness.  
    • Where is the comfort in the world’s greatest accomplishments fading like grass in the hot summer sun? How does one find the words when one has lost everything they thought worthy of their efforts? Outside Christ, we build no bridge to the future to make our lives better!? [2 Corinthians 4:18]
    • Our understanding of this text concludes that, outside our faith in Christ and His work, all we have done in this life will become dried up grass. [Psalms 1:4] The flower of our greatest thoughts withered and trashed [Philippians 3:8 “worthless and detestable”].
    • “the glory of man is so fleeting” – David Guzik

The Unspoken Language of the Soul

The prophet bursts into language unfamiliar to our ears  but somehow the unspoken language of the soul is given voice.

  • Verse 1: the phrase” saith your God” is peculiar to Isaiah. It is written as a future or as something ongoing as if to proclaim a divine comfort that is continuous. Does this refer to God’s ultimate source of comfort in Christ!? Prophecy often has a dual meaning: referring to a current situation at the time of writing and also referring to the incarnate Savior’s work. We cannot ascribe the term “temporary” to our God. “…the word of our God shall stand for ever.” Isiah 40:8.
  • Verse 4: The words “rough ground.” [“crooked” in KJV] means “deceitful” in Jeremiah 17:9 and “polluted, bloody footprints” in Hosea 6:8 and is used nowhere else in the Bible. “…rugged places” [“rough ground” in KJV] is also written only here. (not to suggest that the words are unique to the prophet but that the concept is.) The context is clear [Isaiah 40:3, 5]: the “way” has to be “prepared.” Christ’s coming is to be announced. His birth was proclaimed by shepherds and magi. His return will be with trumpet proclamation. [1 Thessalonians 4:16]
    • It is the heart that needs to be prepared. Nine times Isaiah in this section of His gospel (chapters 40-64) refers to The Lord as the Holy one of Israel. In Isaiah 40:25 God’s holiness is to be respected. He is our Redeemer [Isaiah 41:14] and the cause of our rejoicing [Isaiah 41:16]. The human heart needs to be prepared to receive His mercy. The rough places serve His purpose. [Isaiah 57:15]
    • I surmise that the places spoken of in Isaiah 40:4 are places difficult to traverse.  For most, life is difficult at best. The journey is hard because of our waywardness but God’s desire is to bring us to a highway or a path which will be a joy to walk called “the Way of Holiness.”
    • In general, the meaning”, says the commentator, “is that Israel is to take care, that the God who is coming to deliver … [them] shall find … [them] in such an inward and outward state as be fits his exaltation and his purpose.” [K&D. 142]
    • The Lord’s going to smooth out things. Going to fill in the valleys and bring down the hills. He’s going to straighten the crooked paths and smooth things out.” -Chuck Smith
    • And a highway will be there; it will be called the Way of Holiness; it will be for those who walk on that Way. The unclean will not journey on it; wicked fools will not go about on it. Isaiah 35:8


  • In verses 3-5 the prophet announces the Lord’s coming. We know verse 3 prophecies of John the Baptist: “prepare the way for the LORD.” [Malachi 3:1] And here’s the comfort, verse 5:
    • “And the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all people will see it together.” 
    • I like the way Peter observes all this in 1 Peter 1:24, 25: For, “All people are like grass, and all their glory is like the flowers of the field; the grass withers and the flowers fall, but the word of the Lord endures forever.”And this is the word that was preached to you.”
  • And I was surprised to read in verse 6 the word for mercy used in 241 places in our Old Testament and often referencing God’s mercy and kindness. The Psalmist in 144:8 calls God “rich in love [our word].”  The NIV chose to translate this word “faithfulness.”  The King James uses the word “goodliness.”
    • A voice says, “Cry out.” And I said, “What shall I cry?” “All people are like grass, and all their faithfulness is like the flowers of the field (And since someone is shouting this message, we need a couple exclamation points to denote the excitement) !!
    • Our ability to show mercy is far insufficient to assuage the misery, or lessen the grieve of the painfulness of sin.  Mercy of another kind, a much more glorious act of kindness, would be needed to deal with Israel’s—and our—unfaithfulness.  This mercy has to be administered by a loving God … provided on Calvary.
    • “all their faithfulness [KJV goodliness] is like the flowers” [?] Scholarship says it “seems to signify …beauty.” [man’s contribution that beautifies our world; man’s achievements designed to better life but that will dry up like grass in a parched land. ]
  • Verse 7: Surely the people are grass.
    • “Surely” – means assuredly and is totally in Isaiah’s style of writing and thought. “Look up and be encouraged.  Let hope arise in your hearts!”  As our abilities languish in a desperate effort to survive the wickedness that defines us, God sent His Son, on our behalf, to show mercy, to give us a new heart and reconcile us to Himself.  These are comforting words.  Man’s glory diminishes. [John 3:30] but God’s daystar arises in our hearts. [2 Peter 1:19]

For our part? 1 Peter 1:17 “live out your time as foreigners here.” I am impressed with the simplicity of this encouragement. My life does not need to be special nor do I need trophies of accomplishments to please God. My life by very definition is a witness for good, if I live a holy life. No other personal achievement accrues to my spiritual benefit  [Romans 8:29; 1 Peter 1:16]

God’s accomplishments in and through us alone are significance in the scope of things. Jesus’ coming to die and rise again is the single event in history of any real meaning. As Dorothy Sayers said it, 

“From the beginning of history until now, this is the only thing that has ever really happened.” [Sayers, Dorothy L. The Man Born to be King. Page 290]

Whatever we achieve on our own should never be cherished above the touch of God upon our lives. Man’s glory fades while God’s Glory shines brighter and brighter!! The significance of the Cross is more glorious as we in humble dependence on its provision in simple faith appropriate  it for His glory …and leave the rest to Him.    

Verse 8 needs no commentary:

The grass withers and the flowers fall, but the word of our God endures forever. 

For I know the plans I have for you, ” declares the LORD, “plans to … give you hope and a future. Jeremiah 29:11

Therefore comfort one another with these words. I Thessalonians 4:18

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Blackface & Identity Politics

It is interesting to observe the struggles a society put itself through when it fails to recognize and take to heart the wisdom of Scripture. The news cycles for the last week or so have been monopolized by concerns about white folk using shoeblack, burnt pumpkin and other means to give themselves a blackened complexion to mimic a black individual. Most, if not all, blacks have been understandably offended. This continues to emphasize—to many—the importance of identity politics where all Americans regardless of race, gender, ethnicity, social and economic status are legislatively to be treated as equals under the law. [President LBJ’s dream, The Civil Rights movement of the mid-60’s, interrupted sadly by the war in Vietnam.]

Such rights are already guaranteed in Christ for all believers who take seriously their inheritance in the Savior’s death and resurrection.   Identity politics is a non-sequitur for true followers of Christ because in Him these divisions do not exist.   [Galatians 3:28]  Christians who are true Bible believers are color blind, gender indifferent, and genuinely excited over the ethnic diversity that our God is calling together.  [Mark 13:27]

Christian fellowship is unique to true christians. God created this quality when He created the church. [Acts 2:42; 1 Corinthians 1:9; 1 John 1:7] To be precise, grammatically, look at our word fellowship

…which … according to John’s teaching, consists in the fact that Christians are partakers in common of the same mind as God and Christ, and of the blessings arising therefrom. [Thayer’s Lexicon. p. 352]

By a use unknown to professional authors. fellowship in the New Testament denotes also the contribution as exhibiting and as an embodiment or proof of such fellowship [2 Corinthians 8:4]. (This language is far stronger, more emphatic and binding in principle than the Old Testament tithe, but don’t tell the preacher.) This definition of fellowship: sharing, contributing, partaking together of like Christian agape or love, “foster[s] a mutual love” according to scholarship. [Thayer’s]. Fellowship, as a concept, represents an acceptance or a bond of unity unknown, unidentified, prior to the writing of our Bible.

Christian love, in a sense, ignores cultural differences and at the same time embraces them.  These differences are not abrasive interactions to create a stress that breaks us apart. These differences become, in a sense only God could engineer, the glue that solidifies our unity.  We need the ministry we provide for one another; we come to thank God for the very believers that are so diverse.  Christian fellowship in God’s design represents a society that, we can say, defines acceptance in the absolute terms of the heaven we long to be a part of. It is the only real utopian concept reachable ..and it is only in Christ!

Christian fellowship is far more than social networking.  It is not a cultural unity that requires legislation to—may I say, artificially—hold it together. It is not only the recognition of peoples of differing lifestyles and views but the genuine acceptance and interest in these differences. We come to see these differences as essential to our own well-being! The burden of legislation to somehow control a clash of differences or offensive behavior has to be overwhelmingly unsuccessful, because the level of unity required is only guaranteed in Christ. [John 17:21]

Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, Cretes and Arabians [Acts 2:9-11] were all introduced to Peter’s message of the Cross at the feast of Pentecost on that memorable day in Jerusalem when the Christian church was born.  And 5,000 joined its ranks—suggesting to my understanding the very reasonable conclusion that this represents the diversity of the first church. 
We don’t need identity politics nor do we want them.


And so, what about “blackface.”  The answer is as simple as the heart that longs for this fellowship with God and others: Just don’t!

There are things that offend me and some of these things have not been sufficiently understood to know why I am so bothered.  But if I am, I am. And I appreciate believers who empathize enough to walk around these issues and keep me safe.  Whether its pork to a believer of Jewish practice or a shot of whiskey to a recovering alcoholic, or to me my many phobias and idiosyncrasies that make me a bit gentler to handle, we need each other’s fellowship as part of the healing—as the real expression of who we are together in Christ.

Blackface is understandably beyond inappropriate and offensive.  It is never the path to unity and fellowship. On some level mimicking, like sarcasm and trying to create a laugh, produces the opposite results because the “clown” in this case has no real connection with what he or she is attempting to portray. 

Other times, like crimes against an individual or a culture, it is painful to be reminded of yesteryear’s abuses. We do not want symbols paraded in front of us that recall the anguish of being abused, rejected, marginalized, or treated as an outsider by the very society we long to be an essential part of.

Therefore, if what I eat causes my brother or sister to fall into sin, I will never eat meat again, so that I will not cause them to fall. 1 Corinthians 8:13.





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Consider the potential impact for peace of a religion whose founder promoted a wide-spread and unconditional forgiveness at the moment of his death—a tortured and undeserved death. Consider the testimony of one of the followers of this religious thought whose final words while being stoned for that very religion were, “Lay not this sin to their charge” [Acts 7:60] ..forgive them. Some critics tend to get swallowed up in the word “sin” as if in a philosophical black hole and never see the record for what it really is. Here was a christian wanting God, in keeping with his faith, to let go any retribution, any punishment, any vengeance, on the perpetrators of this vigilantism.

Modern day christians teach an eschatological forgiveness from God who, in their understanding, promised to leave them out of it when He returns to judge the world. They see this “no condemnation,” this acquittal, [Romans 8:1] from heaven’s court as forgiveness …and understandably so; since, they maintain the message of Calvary as documented in the Gospel record.

A brief overview of Judaism and Islam, the two other forms of monotheism, betray an absence of this central christian theme …for an obvious reason: In the historical development of religious thought, Judaism and Islam pulled up short of the Christian New Testament message of forgiveness. The dogma of forgiveness is uniquely a central tenet of Christian thought—not only the good news of God forgiving us, but a message of peace and reconciliation that encompasses our relationships with each other—and the fellowship and unity possible by that reconciliation ..and thus, the power of forgiveness.

Yes, God’s forgiveness is proclaimed for those who adhere to the rules and practices as written in the Tanach or Quran but not as a proclamation of a divine action by His death and resurrection. As Dr. Gregory Boyd, a professor at Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota, wrote:

There is no other belief which does this… Only the Gospel dares to proclaim that God was born a baby in a … stable, that He lived a life befriending the prostitutes and lepers no one else would befriend, and that He suffered firsthand, the .. depth of all that is nightmarish in human existence.” [Boyd, Gregory A. Letters From A Skeptic (Colorado Springs, CO: Cook Communication Ministries, 2004), 151.]

Christians should practice this message more faithfully if they want a solid testimony to their world. Gibbons in his work on the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire made singular note of Christian community and love as the reason for its growth in its beginnings. And I can easily see how this alone argues for its reality and distinction in this current time of religious skepticism.

The message of Calvary, ultimately, is not simply being reconciled to God but being reconciled to one another. [I John 1:7] Christian fellowship, then, should display a level of unity that has no racial, gender, or ethnic element. “Fellowship” affectionately known also by its Greek term, koinonia, is the term found in Acts 2:42 at the birth of the church which even an English dictionary defines as “intimate spiritual communion.” There is no such fellowship without forgiveness as a tenet of a faith that unites not just us with God but us with each other. We should be one as Christ and His Father are one. [according to the doctrine: John 17:11 ]

We are believers?! Forgiveness is our  term! Forgiveness is our  doctrine! Forgiveness is the central theme of our  faith! We need to proclaim it in our actions. We need to recognize that christian love, [“deeply, from the heart” I Peter 1:22] is capable, without breaking, of stretching to cover a multitude of offenses. [I Peter 4:8]

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Forgiveness v. Atheism

Atheism maintains that all religion is debunked by the sheer fact that it lives outside any scientific measurement of authenticity. If we are to credit religion with anything, atheism says, it has to be the many wars, the hate, and … Continue reading

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Proving God Exists

The cornerstone of science is that true results are repeatable. But a little chaos intervenes at times to suggest we are not the guardians of 100% of the facts, whenever the same experiment offers slightly varied results. Still approaching a 99% consistency does suggest that science is discovering some natural law that governs the results we observe.

Science has troubling limitations, though, on its sphere of discovery. Not everything discoverable is within the range of its experimentation and expertise. One problem is with “time” and another is with the limitation of the human mind, “reason and logic.” Both of these are measuring yardsticks we use to measure scientific results. All scientific results are a measurement of time and clearly limited by our ability to understand those results. The “stick” itself is not fixed outside the experiment but is part of our experiment.

As Richard Vigilante puts it, “When baking a cake, we don’t measure the flour against the sugar or the orange against the vanilla. We don’t say we need two butters of bacon or three apples of orange. No, we use measuring cups and spoons from outside. We use measuring cups precisely because no one thinks the best use of a measuring cup is to bake it into the cake.”

Defining morality provides a simple example. We define morality to fit our culture or our own patterns of behavior. There is even a philosophy to discredit the concept altogether. What is normal of “us” has to be understood in terms of a majority percentage of those in our society. But should not a true definition of morality come from outside the culture—outside human behavior—say, as perhaps, God would define it: an absolute moral concept?  We will set aside for now the problem inherent in this approach, that such an idea introduces “sin” as a real concept and Calvary as a necessary historical, not just theological, event to rescue us from our immorality.  But first we need to maintain that God exists—which is the burden of this article.

So “time” is our measuring cup.  (Take a deep breath. I encourage you to read this section.)
Did you know that the meter is the distance traveled by light in a vacuum during the 9 GHz emissions of the ground state Cesium atom or the distance light travels in 1 / 299,792,458 seconds. What this is saying is that linear measurement is determined by time. Even kilograms (weights) are tied to a universal unit of “time”, Planck’s constant, which is energy multiplied by time used to convert quantum wave functions into joules per second. Just last 16 November 2018, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) voted to redefine the kilogram by fixing the value of the Planck constant, thereby defining the kilogram in terms of the second and the speed of light. All measurement is decided by some measurement of time. Even the value of money is tied to time. They call it interest. There are few exceptions.

But time is a measurement of decay, of change, of movement. ..and that’s fine as far as it goes. This doesn’t discredit science but it does place an eternal God—a timeless God, a God that does not change or die—outside its sphere. Grace is infinite and there is no entropy or waste. [Ephesians 2:7]

I argue that as with any mammal, our humanness defines the logic we consider logical, the reasoning we find reasonable. When there is not outside influence, no outside relationship, no outside law, we define the results of our observations based on our limited ability to make such observations and understand them.

We do not know someone exists because we see them because our eyes might deceive us. Anything from an apparition to a mannequin may look perfectly human to our sight. It is not sufficient. Seeing is never believing—and anyone who has had a picture doctored or who has been hallucination through drugs knows this well.

The true test of existence for anyone is the dynamic of relationship by talking to them, touching their lives and confirming the possibility that they are indeed alive.

God is outside our science. He is eternal and outside time. Science cannot measure Him. He is gloriously holy [Exodus 33:22]and is only visible to our logic to the extend He allows.

The humble will see it and rejoice. You who seek God, take heart! Psalms 69:32 CSB

Therefore He can only be known to exist through relationship, by talking to Him and touching Him in a spiritual sense. (We call it prayer.) And that begins with reaching out to Him …by faith.

And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him. Hebrews 11:6

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